American Sociological Association Style Guide
This sheet provides examples of ASA citations styles for books, periodicals, online resources, and other media
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J. Sevilla-Marzona, Librarian
LibGuide created by C Oldham, Librarian Spring 2014
General Notes: Notes and examples include the applicable section numbers of the ASA Style Guide (e.g., 5.2 = Chapter 5, section 2)
The American Sociological Association format may be required by your Sociology instructor. This handout covers only the formats for the References section of your research paper.
·List all the resources you cited in your paper in a separate page titled References. Conversely, all citations in the References page must have also appeared in the body of your paper. 4.3.2
·Double-space all citations; the examples below are single-spaced only to conserve space. 4.3.2, 6.6.1
·The first line of each citation begins flush left; if a citation runs more than one line, indent the following line(s) at least three but not more than five spaces. This is called a “hanging indent.”
- Times New Roman 12-pt. font size is the preferred typeface for ASA publications. 6.6.1. Consult your assignment guidelines for your instructor’s specifications.
·Arrange the list of all the references you used (books, articles, URLs, and so on) in alphabetical order by the first authors’ last names. 220.127.116.11
- The books in print (paper) format listed below can be found in the College Library; you may want to compare the actual book with its citation for clarity.
Specific Notes on the Format of:
Author: List all authors. 4.3.2 pp. 49-50.
First author: Last Name, First Name Middle Initial. 18.104.22.168
Second and subsequent authors: First Name Middle Initial. Last Name.
When there are only two authors or editors, do not use a comma after the name of the first author or editor. However, place commas between three or more authors’ names.
If your book has no author but instead lists only the editor(s)’s name(s), use the same author format above. Add a comma after the name of the last editor and then ed. or eds. Appendix 1
Translator of a Book: Two Options 22.214.171.124, Appendix 1
1. The translator(s)’s name(s) appears after the complete title in the following format: Translated by Translator1, Translator2, and Translator3 (names not inverted, translators’ initials only for first/middle names).
2. If the title is a well-known work or contains the name of the author, you can place the translator’s name where the author’s name would normally appear in the citation.
Title: Complete Title and Subtitle in Italics 126.96.36.199
Capitalize the first word in the title and subtitle, proper nouns, and all words except prepositions, articles, and coordinating conjunctions. 2.3
Place Published: City p. xiii
Use the state abbreviation only if the location of the city is not clear; well-known locations (e.g., New York, Chicago, Los Angeles) do not require the state name. If the publisher name includes the state name, you do not need to add the state abbreviation to the city of publication (e.g., Champaign: University of Illinois Press)
Use City, Country if published outside the U.S, e.g., Oxford.
DOI: Digital Object Identifier pp. 48-49, 60, 101
- A typical journal article nowadays is assigned a DOI upon publication. It is a unique identifier (like a person’s Social Security Number) and provides a persistent link to its location on the Internet if the journal is part of an electronic database or digital network. ASA recommends that you supply an article’s DOI, when available, for online articles or chapters.
- The DOI is usually found at the very top of the first page of an online scholarly article or book chapter that’s in .pdf format. It is formatted as: doi:10.xxxx/xxxx-xxxx.
- Copy the DOI from the online article and paste it at the end of the citation.