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ENGL 101 - Candida - Fall 2020: Cite Your Sources - MLA

MLA Handbook

What is MLA Style?

  • Each academic discipline has its own rules for citing ideas and words borrowed from other writers and researchers.
  • Courses in the humanities generally use the Modern Language Association style rules.
  • The MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (7th edition) contains comprehensive rules and examples for citing.

MLA Slides

Citing Your Sources


  • First and foremost, we need to give credit to other authors when we borrow their words or ideas. Acknowledge!
  • Citing also allows your readers to find the resources cited in your papers. Share!
  • Finally, we avoid plagiarism and maintain good standing with our instructors. Succeed!



1. Use In-Text Citations within your paper.

  • Use an in-text citation to acknowledge that you are quoting or praphrasing another author's words or ideas in the text of your research paper. Here are some examples:

    Direct Quote with author included in the signal phrase.


  • Your reader will use the information provided in the signal phrase and in-text citation to find additional information about the source in your Works Cited page.


2.  Include a Works Cited page at the end of your paper.


  • Include a Works Cited page at the end of your paper. It shoud contain a full citation for each source referenced within your paper.
  • The full citation should include the specific publication information required by the MLA rules. This allows your reader to find the sources, if desired.
  • Where can I find out what information should be included in the full citation and how to format it? Use the quick MLA Guide created by the ELAC library or consult the MLA Handbook in the Library.
  • Arrange the citations alphabetically by the author's last name. Use the title if the source has no author.
  • Click here to learn more about the MLA Works Cited page.


Sample MLA Paper: Click here to view a MLA research paper.

Sample Works Cited page: Click here to view a sample Works Cited page.

Need More Help?

Visit the MLA style guide created by the OWL 

Get more MLA citation help from KnightCite!