Develop a general or broad topic from your background reading
From your general topic and readings you can begin to develop a refined topic that will developed into a thesis statement or research question.
If your topic is too broad begin to narrow/refine it by adding an aspect of the topic, a time period, limit it to a location/geography, population, etc.
Below is an example of narrowing the topic of Prisons:
|aspects of the topic
law and legislation
United States (or another country)
Teens or Juveniles
Arrive at a researchable thesis or research question
Given your assigned question, how can you arrive at a researchable thesis statement that you can discuss in a well-argued paper?