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Fake News: Fake News & Friends

This guide will provide students and faculty with tips on how to avoid fake news and how to find credible sources.

Misleading Websites

False or Misleading Websites - Includes propaganda, misleading news, and conspiracy theory websites.

These often come from known sham sites that are designed to look like real news outlets. They may include misleading photographs and headlines that, at first read, sound like they could be real.

Example of false newsite.     [the actual site is now gone.  The Wikipedia article contains a description of the site:


Willingham, AJ. "Here's How to Outsmart Fake News in Your Facebook Feed." CNN, 18 Nov. 2016, 

Clickbait Websites

Clickbait - The shocking or teasing headlines of these stories trick you into clicking for more information -- which may or may not live up to what was promised.

Highly Partisan News

Highly partisan news - Includes propaganda, misleading news, and conspiracy theory websites.

This may be an interpretation of a real news event where the facts are manipulated to fit an agenda.

These are hard to debunk, because they often contain a kernel of truth: A fact, event or quote that has been taken out of context. Look for sensational headlines that aren't supported by the information in the article.

Intentional Humor or Satire Websites

‚ÄčSatire - satire doesn't pretend to be real and serves a purpose as commentary or entertainment. But if people are not familiar with a satire site, they can share the news as if it is legitimate.


Filter Bubbles and Fake News